Six Considerations

#1 Focus on Outcomes

Student engagement and achievement measures, like test scores, are better predictors of success than educational attainment alone.1 A focus on academic achievement, as opposed to time in the classroom, will therefore help ensure that the objective is to learn relevant skills and help Idaho’s students realize economic gains. A focus on achievement could also be paired with accountability measures (see below) so that officials can better identify areas for improvement. Student engagement should be a particular area of focus. According to a 2018 Gallup Survey of K-12 School District Superintendents, approximately nine out of 10 respondents felt that both high school graduation rates and student engagement and hopefulness were key indicators of school effectiveness.2 Students who felt engaged in school and who were hopeful reported less absenteeism and had better self-reported academic performance.3


1 Calderon, V.J., & Jones, J.M. (2018). Superintendents Say Engagement, Hope Best Measures of Success. Washington, DC: Gallup, Inc. Link; Calderon, V.J., & Yu, D. (2017). 8 Things You Need to Know About Students. Washington, DC: Gallup, Inc. Link

2 Gallup. (2018). Leadership Perspectives on Public Education: The Gallup 2018 Survey of K-12 School District Superintendents. Washington, DC: Gallup, Inc. Link

3 Calderon & Yu. (2017); Gallup. (2016). The 2016 Gallup® Student Poll: A Snapshot of Results and Findings. Washington, DC: Gallup, Inc. Link